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What Comprehension is the ability to process text, understand its meaning, and to integrate with what the reader already knows. To be able to accurately understand written material, children need to be able to (1) decode what they read; (2) make connections between what they read and what they already know; and (3) think deeply about what they have read.
Why Comprehension is the end goal of all reading.  Readers who have strong comprehension are able to draw conclusions about what they read -- what is important, what is fact, what caused an event to happen, which characters are funny, etc. Thus, comprehension involves combining reading with thinking and reasoning. It provides students with the skills and strategies needed to understand and gain knowledge from what is read.
How Best practices in reading comprehension instruction include teaching students how to use comprehension strategies, teaching students to use a text’s organizational structure to better understand and learn content, guiding students through focused high quality discussion on the meaning of a text, establishing an engaging context for teaching comprehension, and choosing texts for comprehension instruction purposefully.
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Classroom Strategies Comprehension Instructional Strategies and WHEN to use them
Comprehension Skills See grade level standards
Comprehension Strategies Comprehension continuum
Strategy definition list
How to teach comprehension strategies
Teaching strategies by using gradual release
Text Structure Elements of narrative text
Structures of informational text
Guiding Students Through Text Feature Walk
High Quality Discussions Categories of comprehension
Importance of think-aloud modeling
Sample discussion questions

Informational question stems
Literature question stems
Techniques for peer-led discussions

Close reading
Selecting Text Recommended Book List for Elementary updated 2019
Text Level Conversions
Selecting text that supports Instructional purpose
Engagement and Motivation
Writing to Learn
Listening Comprehension
Acadience Progress Monitoring 3rd Grade MAZE Student Worksheets
4th Grade MAZE Student Worksheets
5th Grade MAZE Student Worksheets
6th Grade MAZE Student Worksheets
Journeys Journeys weekly test (can be found on MasteryConnect in the ELA curriculum map)
Interventions Comprehension Strategies
Comprehension Skills