|What||All the words a person knows and uses. People have four types of vocabulary: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Listening and reading vocabularies are receptive whereas speaking and writing vocabularies are expressive.|
|Why||Vocabulary is the key to reading comprehension. Readers cannot understand what they are reading without knowing what most of the words mean. Vocabulary instruction provides students with an understanding of the meaning and use of words so that they can comprehend what they are reading and communicate effectively with others. As children learn to read more advanced texts, they must learn the meaning of new words that are not part of oral vocabulary.|
|How||Vocabulary is learned incidentally through exposure to oral language as well as through wide reading. It is also acquired through explicit instruction in word meanings and word learning strategies. According to Michael Graves (Reading Rockets, 2000), an effective vocabulary program must include:
-wide or extensive independent reading to expand word knowledge
-instruction in specific words to enhance comprehension of texts containing those words
-instruction in independent word-learning strategies
-word consciousness and word-play activities to motivate and enhance learning.
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Six Goals of an Ideal Vocabulary Curriculum
Journeys weekly assessment (can be found on Mastery Connect in the ELA curriculum map)
Any resource underneath "instruct" above can be used for intervention.
|Extensions||Teachers can use above grade-level text to challenge students' reading vocabulary.|